CONGRATULATIONS on your new family member. Owning a puppy can be very rewarding and also very challenging. This handout is meant to be a brief introduction to the care of your puppy.
Vaccines are critical to the health of your new puppy.
DHPP – a 4-way vaccine with some critical components for you to understand.
Please do NOT take your puppy to any public areas until 2 weeks after the 2nd DHPP or until the vaccine schedule is completed.
We recommend every puppy be treated for roundworms. This is the most frequent intestinal parasite of puppies. We can give your puppy an oral medicine during your first visit. It is normal to expect these worms to pass into the feces after treatment.
Heartworm Preventative Heartworms are parasites of the dog in which worms literally lodge in the heart and vessels of the lung. It can be very dangerous to your pet if he/she contracts the disease. Heartworm disease is spread by mosquitoes so any dog is at risk, even indoor dogs. We recommend starting preventative tablets at the age of 8 weeks and monthly for the dog’s lifetime.
The heartworm preventative will also treat most intestinal parasites before you are even aware of the problem. Because puppies eat everything, including animal poop, grass and dirt, they are particularly prone to picking up parasites from the environment. This additional benefit from the heartworm preventative is important to their health as well as the health and saftety of the owner.
Fleas can be a nuisance to you and your pet. In high quantities, fleas can cause a life-threatening anemia to young puppies. Ideal treatment options for puppies greater than 7 weeks of age include any of, or a combination of the following:
Other Parasites – The Fecal Exams
There are MANY intestinal parasites your puppy can carry. It is very important to bring in a fecal sample for us to evaluate with special testing under a microscope. Some parasites are transmissible to humans so this is a critical step for the health of your pet and the protection of your family.
Puppies should be fed a main brand puppy food such as – Science Diet, Iams, Eukanuba, Pedigree, or Purina, from weaning until 1 year of age. Ideally train your puppy to be meal fed rather than always leaving food out. This will help control problems with obesity that could develop later in life.
For LARGE BREED PUPPIES – such as Great Danes, Dobermans, Golden Retrievers, Rottweilers, and Labradors, and many other large breed canines, feed a puppy food designated for large breeds. This special puppy food has fewer calories per cup than regular puppy food. It has been scientifically proven that these foods can significantly reduce the chances of orthopedic illnesses, including hip dysplasia, from developing.
We recommend your puppy be spayed at 6 months of age. Spaying your female puppy prior to her first heat will critically reduce the chances she will develop mammary cancer as an adult dog. Neutering your male puppy will eliminate problems of prostatitis and testicular cancers seen in adult male dogs. We recommend your male puppy be neutered at 8-12 months.
Hip X-rays should be taken at the time of anesthesia for those breeds predisposed to hip dysplasia.
We recommend puppy-training courses for EVERY puppy and their owner. Normally this is started after 12 weeks of age, once two sets of vaccines have already been given. We can provide you with some phone numbers for local training school if you like.
For additional information visit Dog Star Dailey.